Toyota 4 Runner/Hilux/Surf

1987-1998 of release

Repair and operation of the car

Toyota 4ranner
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of heating, ventilation
+ 5. Fuel and exhaust systems
+ 6. Transmissions
+ 7. Transmission elements
+ 8. Brake system
+ 9. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 10. Body
- 11. Electric equipment
   11.1. Specifications
   11.2. Battery
   + 11.3. System of ignition
   11.4. Coil (i) of ignition
   11.5. Ignition distributor
   11.6. Check and installation of the moment of ignition
   11.7. Block of electronic ignition
   11.8. Induction sensor
   - 11.9. System of a charge of the battery
      11.9.1. Check of system of a charge of the battery
   + 11:10. Generator
   11:11. System of launch of the engine
   + 11:12. Starter electric motor
   11:13. Traction relay
   11:14. Check of tension
   11:15. Detection of short circuit
   11:16. Check of reliability of grounding
   11:17. Check of integrity of a chain
   11:18. Finding of not closed chain
   11:19. Search of malfunctions
   11:20. Safety locks
   11:21. Fusible crossing points
   11:22. Breakers
   11:23. Relay
   11:24. Breaker of indexes of turn / alarm system
   11:25. Switch of indexes of turn
   11:26. Lock of ignition and drum of the lock
   11:27. Switch of external lighting
   11:28. Screen wiper switch
   11:29. Lamps of headlights
   11:30. Adjustment of headlights
   11:31. Headlight case
   11:32. Replacement of lamps
   11:33. Receiver and loudspeakers
   11:34. Antenna
   + 11:35. Screen wiper electric motor
   11:36. Switch of heating of back glass
   11:37. Heater of back glass
   11:38. Guard of devices
   11:39. Sound signal
   11:40. Electric drive of mirrors
   11:41. Cruise control
   + 11:42. Window regulator electric drive
   11:43. Electric drive of door locks
   11:44. Safety cushions
+ 12. Electrical circuitries


11.9. System of a charge of the battery


System of a charge of the battery

1. Ignition key
2. A fusible insert on 10 A
3. Control lamp of a charge
4. Stator winding
5. Rotor winding
6. Generator
7. Tension regulator
8. Battery
9. Main fusible crossing point

Typical arrangement of fusible inserts

1. Connecting box N 1
2. Assembly block
3. Processor block
4. A fusible insert of STOP on 15 A
5. A fusible insert of IGN on 15 A
6. A fusible insert of GAUGE on 10 A
7. Fusible insert of processor
the block on 15 A
8. Main relay
9. A fusible insert of AM1 on 40 A
10. A fusible insert of AM2 on 30 A
11. A fusible insert of ALT FL on 80 A

The system of a charge consists of the generator of alternating current, the regulator of tension, the battery, a fusible crossing point and connecting wires. At collaboration of these devices food of such consumers as system of ignition, devices of lighting and alarm systems, the radio receiver, etc. is provided. The drive of the generator is carried out from a belt in a forward part of the engine.

The regulator of tension is intended for maintenance of tension of the generator at the set level. At sharp increase in tension at the generator exit the regulator prevents throws of current and an overload in a power-supply circuit. Periodic care of system of a charge as a rule is not required. However, it is necessary to examine periodically a generator drive belt, the battery and connecting wires. The control lamp of a charge on the dashboard lights up at inclusion of ignition and after launch of the engine dies away. If the lamp does not die away after launch of the engine, then in a chain of a charge is faulty. Some cars are equipped with the voltmeter. If the voltmeter shows very high or very low voltage, then the chain of a charge needs check.

Precautionary measures

At connections of wires of onboard network of the car and external devices it is necessary to observe the following precautionary measures.

At connection of the battery with the generator always observe polarity of connection.

Before repair of any site of the car electric welding disconnect wires from the generator and the battery.

It is forbidden to start the engine at the connected charger.

The generator is attached directly to the battery therefore at a zakorachivaniye of conclusions of the generator, or at its overload, formation of an arch and the fire is possible.