Toyota 4 Runner/Hilux/Surf

1987-1998 of release

Repair and operation of the car

Toyota 4ranner
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of heating, ventilation
+ 5. Fuel and exhaust systems
+ 6. Transmissions
+ 7. Transmission elements
+ 8. Brake system
+ 9. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 10. Body
- 11. Electric equipment
   11.1. Specifications
   11.2. Battery
   + 11.3. System of ignition
   11.4. Coil (i) of ignition
   11.5. Ignition distributor
   11.6. Check and installation of the moment of ignition
   11.7. Block of electronic ignition
   11.8. Induction sensor
   + 11.9. System of a charge of the battery
   + 11:10. Generator
   11:11. System of launch of the engine
   - 11:12. Starter electric motor
      11.12.1. Check of the electric motor without removal from the car
      11.12.2. Removal and installation of the electric motor
   11:13. Traction relay
   11:14. Check of tension
   11:15. Detection of short circuit
   11:16. Check of reliability of grounding
   11:17. Check of integrity of a chain
   11:18. Finding of not closed chain
   11:19. Search of malfunctions
   11:20. Safety locks
   11:21. Fusible crossing points
   11:22. Breakers
   11:23. Relay
   11:24. Breaker of indexes of turn / alarm system
   11:25. Switch of indexes of turn
   11:26. Lock of ignition and drum of the lock
   11:27. Switch of external lighting
   11:28. Screen wiper switch
   11:29. Lamps of headlights
   11:30. Adjustment of headlights
   11:31. Headlight case
   11:32. Replacement of lamps
   11:33. Receiver and loudspeakers
   11:34. Antenna
   + 11:35. Screen wiper electric motor
   11:36. Switch of heating of back glass
   11:37. Heater of back glass
   11:38. Guard of devices
   11:39. Sound signal
   11:40. Electric drive of mirrors
   11:41. Cruise control
   + 11:42. Window regulator electric drive
   11:43. Electric drive of door locks
   11:44. Safety cushions
+ 12. Electrical circuitries


11:12. Starter electric motor

11.12.1. Check of the electric motor without removal from the car


Places of installation of the starting scheme

1. Starter
2. Insert of FL-ALT (80A)
3. Park/Neutral switch
4. Insert of FL-AM1 (40 A)
5. Switch of the traction relay
6. Auxiliary relay

1. If the starter electric motor does not rotate at turn of a key at all, then be convinced that the lever of transmission is in neutral situation.
2. Make sure that the battery is charged, check purity reliability of fastening of cables on the battery and on the traction relay of a starter.
3. If at turn of a key the electric motor of a starter turns on, and the crankshaft is not turned, then jamming of the obgonny coupling of a starter is the reason. In this case the starter assembled should be replaced.
4. If at turn of a key the electric motor of a starter does not rotate, but clicks of the traction relay sound, then contacts of the traction relay, the battery and the electric motor of a starter are faulty (or the crankshaft is hardly turned).
5. If at inclusion of a starter the click published by the relay is not listened, then malfunction of the battery, burn-out of a fusible crossing point (the chain is opened), malfunction of the auxiliary relay of a starter, or the most traction relay can be causes of failure.
6. For check of the traction relay close a crossing point a conclusion for connection of the battery (+) and a conclusion for a wire from the ignition key. If the electric motor of a starter is started, then the traction relay is serviceable, and the ignition lock, the auxiliary relay of a starter, the switch of the traction relay or conducting are faulty.
7. If the starter electric motor is still not started, then remove a starter assembled with the traction relay for dismantling, check and repair.
8. If the starter turns the crankshaft, but with very small speed, then at first check degree of state of charge of the battery and reliability of connections. The starter will rotate the engine with a small speed also in those cases if the crankshaft hardly rotates or in the engine too viscous oil is filled in.
9. Warm up the engine, then disconnect a high-voltage wire of the coil from a cover of the distributor and connect to weight.
10. Connect the voltmeter, include a starter and consider the established indication of the voltmeter. Tension on the battery at a normal speed of rotation of the crankshaft has to be about 9 Century.
11. If tension on the battery is equal or more than 9 V, and the speed of rotation of the crankshaft low, then the starter electric motor is faulty.
12. If at a low speed of rotation voltage less than 9 V, then the podgoraniye of contacts of the traction relay, malfunction of the electric motor of a starter, a battery self-discharge are probable causes.