Toyota 4 Runner/Hilux/Surf
1987-1998 of release
Repair and operation of the car
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of heating, ventilation
+ 5. Fuel and exhaust systems
+ 6. Transmissions
+ 7. Transmission elements
+ 8. Brake system
+ 9. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 10. Body
- 11. Electric equipment
+ 11.3. System of ignition
11.4. Coil (i) of ignition
11.5. Ignition distributor
11.6. Check and installation of the moment of ignition
11.7. Block of electronic ignition
11.8. Induction sensor
+ 11.9. System of a charge of the battery
+ 11:10. Generator
11:11. System of launch of the engine
+ 11:12. Starter electric motor
11:13. Traction relay
11:14. Check of tension
11:15. Detection of short circuit
11:16. Check of reliability of grounding
11:17. Check of integrity of a chain
11:18. Finding of not closed chain
11:19. Search of malfunctions
11:20. Safety locks
11:21. Fusible crossing points
11:24. Breaker of indexes of turn / alarm system
11:25. Switch of indexes of turn
11:26. Lock of ignition and drum of the lock
11:27. Switch of external lighting
11:28. Screen wiper switch
11:29. Lamps of headlights
11:30. Adjustment of headlights
11:31. Headlight case
11:32. Replacement of lamps
11:33. Receiver and loudspeakers
+ 11:35. Screen wiper electric motor
11:36. Switch of heating of back glass
11:37. Heater of back glass
11:38. Guard of devices
11:39. Sound signal
11:40. Electric drive of mirrors
11:41. Cruise control
+ 11:42. Window regulator electric drive
11:43. Electric drive of door locks
11:44. Safety cushions
+ 12. Electrical circuitries
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The system of electric equipment has working voltage of 12 Volts and uses
In this chapter operations of repair and service for various elements of electric equipment which are not connected with the engine are described. Information on repair and service of the accumulator, the generator, the distributor of ignition and a starter can be found in the corresponding chapter.
It is necessary to notice that during the work with system of electric equipment it is necessary to disconnect a wire of the negative plug of the accumulator for prevention of short circuit and (or) ignition.
Detection of malfunctions in system of electric equipment
The typical electric chain consists of an element of electric equipment, switches, the relay, engines, safety locks, the burned-through crossing points or automatic switches and wires and connections which connect all elements among themselves and connect them to the accumulator and (mass) of the car. To simplify process of troubleshooting in the end of this chapter electric circuits of system of electric equipment of the car are provided.
Before check of a faulty chain, study the schematic diagram of this chain in the beginning to understand of what elements it consists. The source of malfunction can be found quicker if to define what of elements of this chain work normally. If several elements or chains fail at once, the problem probably consists in the fused safety lock or bad grounding as often one safety lock is responsible for several chains.
Problems with work of system of electric equipment are usually caused by the simple reasons, such as the oxidized or unreliable contacts, the fused safety lock, the fused burned-through crossing point or the faulty relay. Visually check a condition of all safety locks, wires (if it is possible) and connections in a faulty chain before check of other elements of this chain. If you are going to use instrumentations, use schematic diagrams to define what connections need to be checked for failure detection.
The main devices necessary for search of malfunction in electric equipment chain, are the voltmeter (or a bulb on 12 Volts with connecting wires), the device for check of integrity of chains, the accumulator with connecting wires and a cap wire, it is desirable with the automatic switch which can be used for parallel connection to a chain. Before search of malfunction with use of the control and measuring equipment, study schematic diagrams to define connection points.
System of electric equipment of the engine
The system of ignition, system of a charge of the battery and system of launch of the engine are a part of the system electric equipments of the engine.