Toyota 4 Runner/Hilux/Surf

1987-1998 of release

Repair and operation of the car



Toyota 4ranner
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Systems of heating, ventilation
+ 5. Fuel and exhaust systems
+ 6. Transmissions
+ 7. Transmission elements
+ 8. Brake system
+ 9. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 10. Body
- 11. Electric equipment
   11.1. Specifications
   11.2. Battery
   + 11.3. System of ignition
   11.4. Coil (i) of ignition
   11.5. Ignition distributor
   11.6. Check and installation of the moment of ignition
   11.7. Block of electronic ignition
   11.8. Induction sensor
   + 11.9. System of a charge of the battery
   + 11:10. Generator
   11:11. System of launch of the engine
   + 11:12. Starter electric motor
   11:13. Traction relay
   11:14. Check of tension
   11:15. Detection of short circuit
   11:16. Check of reliability of grounding
   11:17. Check of integrity of a chain
   11:18. Finding of not closed chain
   11:19. Search of malfunctions
   11:20. Safety locks
   11:21. Fusible crossing points
   11:22. Breakers
   11:23. Relay
   11:24. Breaker of indexes of turn / alarm system
   11:25. Switch of indexes of turn
   11:26. Lock of ignition and drum of the lock
   11:27. Switch of external lighting
   11:28. Screen wiper switch
   11:29. Lamps of headlights
   11:30. Adjustment of headlights
   11:31. Headlight case
   11:32. Replacement of lamps
   11:33. Receiver and loudspeakers
   11:34. Antenna
   + 11:35. Screen wiper electric motor
   11:36. Switch of heating of back glass
   11:37. Heater of back glass
   11:38. Guard of devices
   11:39. Sound signal
   11:40. Electric drive of mirrors
   11:41. Cruise control
   + 11:42. Window regulator electric drive
   11:43. Electric drive of door locks
   11:44. Safety cushions
+ 12. Electrical circuitries


11:18. Finding of not closed chain

GENERAL INFORMATION

To visually find not closed chain happens rather difficult as it is often difficult to notice the oxidized or bad connection of contacts. It is sometimes rather simple to move a wire of connection or a wire in a plait of wires to eliminate this malfunction.

Unreliable work of elements of electric equipment is also often caused by the oxidized or bad connection.

Finding of malfunction in system of electric equipment is represented rather simple operation if to understand that work of system of electric equipment is based that current flows from the accumulator through wires, switches, the relay, safety locks and the burned-through crossing points to electric equipment elements (a bulb, the engine, etc.) and on (mass) of the car from where it comes back to the accumulator.

Any malfunction in system of electric equipment represents a hindrance during current from the accumulator or to it.


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